A lecturer at the educational meetings in the City Park on August 19 was Professor-researcher of the NEFU Engineering and Technical Institute Tuyara Gavrilieva. The professor told why she considers Yakutsk a convenient city for living, and what awaits people in the future.
Urbanization has become a common trend in the development of human civilization only in the 19 century. The lecturer highlighted the following fact as an important point in the description of this term - the phenomenon of urbanization is manifested not only in the growth of cities and the number of urban population, but also in the predominance of urban lifestyles, since non-agricultural specialization of the population is one of the main characteristic features of the city.
"Now more than 3.6 billion people live in cities. It did not pass by Yakutia either - the growth in the number of urban residents is slightly behind the all-Russian, but the overall growth trend is the same. Now Yakutsk belongs to large cities with a population of up to a million people. The republic belongs to the regions of the "center-periphery" model, when a single central nucleus stands out strongly, one place is the capital," says Tuyara Gavrilieva.
Urbanization also manifests itself in the migration of the population from small rural and urban settlements to district centers, many villages are disappearing. Tertiary employment prevails in Yakutsk, the professor continued. More than 90% of the population is employed in the public sector, in social facilities and services. In addition, there are other problems of the city - chaotic urban area, lack of investment in social construction, lack of jobs, environmental problems. "Nevertheless, I consider Yakutsk an ideal place to live. From home to almost any place of work, we spend about 15 minutes, which, you will agree, is an important aspect," she said.
The Republic needs a new settlement system, the scientist believes, and it can be fundamentally new. For example, a decentralized system that allows dispersing the anthropogenic pressure on the environment if in the foreseeable future new technologies will allow providing individual life support and access to basic social services for individual households in rural areas. "Or, on the contrary, an even more concentrated system, when large enough settlements are located on the main transport arteries," Tuyara Gavrilieva shared.
Listeners learned about the future of the post-urban future, when in the new social model people can return to a more dispersed resettlement.
by Sardana YAKOVLEVA, Press Service of the North-Eastern Federal University