Ornithologists from the Yakut Institute of Biological Problems of the Cryolithozone of SB RAS and the Institute of Wildlife of the Beijing Forestry University of China are planning an expedition to the northern regions of Yakutia in the summer of 2018 to study the ecology and migration of Canadian Cranes and Siberian Cranes. On Tuesday, TASS learned from the research assistant of the zoological research laboratory of the Institute Inga Bysykatova.
"In the summer season, we plan to leave for Allaikha and Nizhnaya Kolyma districts of Yakutia for field work on a basic project on the structure and dynamics of populations and communities of animals in the cold region of the Northeast of Russia. In particular, our group will study the timing, intensity, direction and front of the seasonal migrations of the Canadian crane and Siberian Crane. Also, we will study the places of transit stops and ecological channels of the passage of these rare bird species," Inga Bysykatova noted.
She explained that the Siberian Cranes nest and breed in the north of Yakutia, and fly to China for wintering. "Global climate change affects the migration strategy of adult and young birds. We also want to study the differences between the nesting habitats of Siberian Cranes that winter on the lakes of Kaizi and Poyang in China, she added, noting that the research results will allow taking better measures to protect rare species.
The Institute of Biological Problems of Cryolithozone of SB RAS was established in 1951. The Institute is the leading scientific research institution for scientific personnel training for the research and protection of the biological diversity of the North. Together with MK Ammosov NEFU Institute of Natural Sciences the Institute has interdepartmental laboratories of permafrost forest science, ecological biochemistry, floristics and phytocenology, ecology and stability of northern ecosystems, accounting and cadastre of game animals.