More than 70% of respondents note sharp temperature changes in winter
YAKUTSK, December 18. / TASS /. Winters have become shorter and windy, and the summer is colder for residents of Yakutia and regions of the Northwest. Scientists from the State Hydrological Institute and the North-Eastern Federal University came to such conclusions having conducted a sociological study among residents of the regions on climate change.
"The poll showed that the temperature change is most noticeable in the winter, 70% of respondents indicated this. Most respondents noted a reduction in the winter period. The respondents consider that the winter begins later and ends earlier. About half of the respondents note the cooling of summer," climatologist, head of the department of climate change research of the State Hydrological Institute Oleg Anisimov told about the results of the research.
Residents of Yakutia and the North-West noted sharp temperature changes in the winter. More than 40% noted the increased wind in the winter, an increase in the height of the snow cover, Anisimov said. At the same time, scientists compared the survey data with the results of meteorological observations in the regions. "The perception of climate is strongly influenced by one-off anomalous weather phenomena," the scientist noted.
For example, in the settlement of Saskylakh in the Arctic zone of Yakutia, almost all respondents noted an increase in rainfall, although the observational data do not reveal it. "The probable cause of this was heavy rains in July and August 2008. They formed the thesis of increasing summer precipitation in people's perceptions, because even old-timers could not recall such frequent and intense downpours, some of them were accompanied by a thunderstorm," explained the climatologist.
Population surveys were conducted in Yakutia in 2012-2016 and in the North-West Region in 2017. According to observations, a uniform increase in air temperature occurred between 1976 and 2015 in the North-West and East Siberia. In both regions, the temperature changes in the whole for the year and in each of the seasons were significantly higher than the average throughout Russia.
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© Viktor Drachev / TASS